Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Travel Clearance for Minors Travelling Abroad
What is a Travel Clearance
A travel clearance is a document issued by the DSWD to a Filipino child (below 18 years of age) traveling abroad alone or with someone other than his/her parents.
WHO NEEDS A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
- A 13 year old but below 18 year old minor travelling alone to a foreign country;
- A minor traveling to a foreign country accompanied by a person other than his or her parents; and
- An illegitimate child travelling to a foreign country accompanied by a person other than the mother.
WHO DOES NOT NEED TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
- A minor traveling to a foreign country with either parent or with his or her solo parent or legal guardian;
- A minor traveling abroad whose parents are in the Foreign Service or living abroad or are immigrants, provided he/she is holding a valid pass such as a dependents visa/pass/identification card or permanent resident visa/pass/identification card which serves as proof that he/she is living with parents abroad and their travel does not constitute child trafficking.
- A minor with permanent residency card;
- A minor who is not a Filipino citizen and holds a foreign passport;
- An illegitimate child travelling abroad with his/her mother.
DOES A MARRIED MINOR REQUIRED TO SECURE A TRAVEL CLEARANCE
- A minor, regardless of civil status who is traveling alone or with other person/s is required to secure a travel clearance.
IS A MARRIED MINOR REQUIRED TO SECURE A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
- A minor, regardless of civil status, who is traveling abroad alone or with person/s other than his/her parent is required to secure a travel clearance.
WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS IN SECURING A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
A. For a minor traveling alone to a foreign country for the first time
- Duly accomplished application form
- Photocopy of the Birth Certificate OR the passport of the minor
- A written consent of both parents or the solo parent or the legal guardian permitting the minor to travel alone to a foreign country
- As appropriate, a photocopy of the marriage certificate of the minor’s parents or a photocopy of the certificate of legal guardianship of the minor or in the case of solo parents, a photocopy of the solo parent identification card from the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office or a photocopy of a certification from the Local Social Welfare and Development Office of being a solo parent or Tallaq or Faskh certification from the Shariah court or any Muslim Barangay or religious leader or in the case of an illegitimate minor, a certificate of no marriage (CENOMAR)* from the National Statistics Office (NSO) or in the case of a deceased parent, a photocopy of the death certificate
*Issuance of CENOMAR will take 1-5 days for cases of uncommon
surnames and 1-15 days for common surnames.
* Issuing office of CENOMAR is the National Statistics Office not the Local Civil Registrar.
5. Two colored passport size photos of the minor taken within the last six (6) months
B. For a minor traveling for the first time with a person other than the parents or legal guardian
- Duly accomplished application form
- A photocopy of the birth certificate of minor
- A written consent of both parents or the solo parent or the legal guardian permitting the minor to travel to a foreign country with a specific person other than them
- As appropriate, a photocopy of the marriage certificate of the minor’s parents or a certificate of legal guardianship of the minor or in the case of solo parents, a solo parent identification card from the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office or a certification from the Local Social Welfare and Development Office of being a solo parent or a court decree of separation, annulment or divorce, or Tallaq or Fasakh certification from the Shariah court or any muslim barangay or religious leader or in the case of an illegitimate minor, a certificate of no marriage from the Philippine Statistics Office (formerly National Statistics Office or NSO) in the case of a deceased parent, a photocopy of the death certificate
* Issuance of CENOMAR will take 1-5 days for cases of
uncommon surnames and 1-15 days for common surnames
*Issuing office of CENOMAR is the National Statistics Office not the Local Civil
5. Two colored passport size photos of the minor taken within the last 6 months.
6. Photocopy of the passport of the traveling companion
“The social worker may require additional documentary requirements during the assessment of the Travel Clearance application to make sure that no child shall be trafficked and that the child’s best interest and welfare is ensured”
C. In case of illegitimate children who is traveling abroad accompanied by their biological father, they are still required to secure a travel clearance certificate as parental authority is vested only to the mother of the child, per Article 176 of the Family Code of the Philippines.
IS THERE A VALIDITY PERIOD FOR A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
A DSWD travel clearance is valid for a period of one (1) year from the date of issuance and shall be valid for multiple travels within the validity period, provided the conditions under which the travel clearance was issued have not changed. If a change in condition occurs like a change in traveling companion, a new travel clearance must be obtained.
HOW MUCH IS THE PROCESSING FEE FOR A TRAVEL CLEARANCE ISSUED TO A MINOR?
The DSWD shall collect a processing fee for each travel clearance issued to minors traveling abroad under the following options:
- Php 300.00 with validity of one (1) year.
- Php 600.00 with validity of two (2) years.
WHERE CAN ONE FILE THE APPLICATION?
The application for travel clearance, together with the supporting documents required shall be submitted/filed at anyDSWD Field Office.
Application forms maybe obtained from any DSWD-Field Office or maybe downloaded from the website www.dswd.gov.ph. [click here to download application form in MS Word Format]
- On the appointed date, go to the nearest DSWD Field (regional) office which processed your application to submit the original copy of your supporting documents and pay PhP300.00 per travel clearance certificate. The travel clearance certificate will be obtained thereafter.
Other Frequently Asked Questions…
ARE THE FOLLOWING MINORS EXEMPTED FROM SECURING A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
- A minor with permanent residency card
- A minor who holds a valid pass such as dependents visa/pass/identification or permanent resident visa/pass/identification card is no longer required to secure travel clearance from DSWD. A permanent residency card is a valid pass and a holder of such is exempted from securing a travel clearance.
- A minor born abroad but has no permanent residency card
- It depends on the minors citizenship or residency. A minor who is not a Filipino citizen and holds a foreign passport is not required to secure a travel clearance. A minor who is a Filipino citizen and living abroad who does not hold a permanent resident visa/pass/identification card is required to secure a travel clearance.
WHO WOULD GIVE THE CONSENT FOR THE TRAVEL OF A TOTALLY ORPHANED MINOR WHO HAS NO APPOINTED LEGAL GUARDIAN?
Paternal/maternal grandparents who exercise parental authority over a minor whose parents are both deceased may issue the consent even without guardianship order from the Court. But in cases where both the paternal/maternal grandparents are deceased, relatives/acting guardians of the minor should work for their legal guardianship over the minor.
WHAT ABOUT THOSE CHILDREN WHOSE PARENTS HAVE MARITAL CONFLICT AND ARE ON HOLD ORDER?
A minor who is the subject of ongoing custody battle between parents will not be issued a travel clearance unless a Court Order is issued to allow the child to travel abroad with either one of his/her parents or authorized guardian. The family shall be responsible to notify the Bureau of Immigration to include the name of the child/ren in the watchlist of minors travelling abroad. It is therefore the Bureau of Immigration’s responsibility to ensure that no child under the watchlist order leaves the country.
CAN A TRAVEL CLEARANCE BE ISSUED TO ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN WHO ARE STILL APPLYING FOR THEIR VISA IN THE EMBASSY?
Illegitimate children are under the custody of the mother. If they will be traveling with the mother, they are not required to secure a travel clearance from the DSWD. If they are traveling with person other than the mother, they must secure a travel clearance.
IS A FAXED COPY OF THE PARENTAL CONSENT OF PARENTS RESIDING ABROAD ACCEPTABLE?
Yes, a faxed or scanned copy of the parental consent is acceptable but not a computer generated photo of the child.
WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS FOR ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN ABANDONED BY THE MOTHER AND UNDER THE CUSTODY OF THE FATHER OR OTHER RELATIVES WHO WILL BE TRAVELING ALONE OR WITH THE FATHER OR OTHER RELATIVES?
Since the mother has the absolute parental authority over her illegitimate children the father would need to secure a Court Order vesting in him the parental authority over the illegitimate children. If a parental authority has been granted to the father, and the minor will be traveling with the father, he is not required to secure a travel clearance. If the minor will travel alone or with someone other than the father, he/she is required to secure a travel clearance.
Fore more inquiries, kindly contact the nearest Field Office near you (see the Directory of the Field Offices below):
DSWD-National Capital Region
389 San Rafael Street, corner Legarda St.,
Tel/Fax: (02)313-1435 loc 210,733-0010 to 14/488-3104
DSWD Field Office I
Quezon Avenue, San Fernando, La Union
Tel/Fax: (072) 888-2505/888-2184
DSWD-Field Office II
3 Dana Pagyaya, Regional Government Center
Carig Sur, Tuguegarao City, Cagayan
DSWD-Field Office III
Government Center, Maimpis,
San Fernando, Pampanga
Tel/Fax: (045)861-2413 (telefax)
DSWD Field Office IV-A (CALABARZON)
Alabang-Zapote Road, Muntinlupa City
Tel/Fax: (02) 387-2632 or 850-8380/807-1518
DSWD Field Office IV-B (MIMAROPA)
1680 F.T. Benitez corner Gen. Malvar Sts., Malate, Manila
Tel/Fax: (02) 336-8106 local 401/336-8106 local 103
DSWD Field Office V
Magnolia St. PBN Buraguis, Legaspi City
Tel/Fax: (052) 821-7920 or 480-5346/480-5754
DSWD Field Office VI
M.H. del Pilar Street, Molo, Iloilo City
Tel: (033) 300-0526/ 337-6221
DSWD Field Office VII
MJ Cuenco Avenue corner Gen. Maxilom Ave., Cebu City
Tel/Fax: (032) 233-8779 or through trunkline no. 412-9908
DSWD Field Office VIII
Magsaysay Blvd., Tacloban City
Tel/Fax: (053) 321-3090 or 321-1176/ 321-1007
DSWD Field Office IX
General Vicente Alvarez St., Zamboanga City
Tel/Fax: (062) 991-6030, 991-6056 (trunkline)/993-0652
DSWD Field Office X
Masterson Ave., Upper Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City
Tel/Fax: (088) 858-88-92/858-89-59
DSWD Field Office XI
Suazo St., cor. Magsaysay Ave., Davao City
Tel/Fax: (082) 226-28-57/227-8746
DSWD Field Office XII
9506-Purok Bumanoag, Brgy. Zone 3, Koronadal City
Tel/Fax: (083) 520-0572 or 228-3180/228-8637
DSWD Field Office CARAGA
R. Palma St. Butuan City
Tel/Fax: (085) 346-0113/815-9173
DSWD Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
40 North Drive, Baguio City
Tel/Fax: (074) 444-3209 or 444-3262/442-7917
Residential and Non-Residential Facilities for Persons with Disability (PWD)
Question 1: Magkano ang discount sa Public Transportation para sa mga “Persons With Disabilities”?
Reply: Ayon sa Section 32. Chapter 8. Other Privileges and Incentives, Republic Act No. 9442, An Act Amending Republic Act No. 7277, Otherwise known as the “Magna Carta for Persons With Disabilities” binabangit na:
Letter g: “At least 20% discount in public railways, skyways and bus fare for the exclusive use or enjoyment of Persons With Disabilities.” Kung regular fare (5 kilometers) sa jeep ay P 8.00 X 20% = P 6.40 ang nararapat na pasahe sa jeep.
Question 2: Saan pa may ibang “privileges” para sa mga Persons With Disabilities?
Reply: Other Privileges and Incentives of Persons With Disabilities
- 20% discount for all services in hotels and similar lodging establishments, restaurants & recreation centers.
- A minimum of 20% discount on admission fees on theaters, cinema houses, concert hall, circuses carnivals and other similar places of culture, leisure and amusement.
- At least 20% discount for all purchase of medicines in all drugstores.
- At least 20% discount on medical & dental services including (diagnostic and laboratory fees & professional fees of attending doctors in all private hospitals & medical facilities).
- At least 20% discount on fare for domestic air and sea travel.
- Educational assistance to pursue primary, secondary, tertiary, post tertiary, vocational or technical education in public & private schools thru scholarship grants, financial aids, subsidies and other incentives such as books, learning materials & uniform allowance(DEPED).
- Continuation of benefits of GSIS, SSS & PAG-IBIG (previously employed ) as the case may be necessary.
- Special discounts (5%) in special programs for Persons With Disabilities on purchase of basic commodities (with guidelines from DTI & DA).
- Provision of express lanes for Persons With Disabilities in all commercial and government establishments.
Modified Conditional Cash Transfer (MCCT)
A solo parent, as defined by RA 8972 is:
- A woman who gives birth as a result of rape and other crimes against chastity even without a final conviction of the offender, provided that mother keeps and raises the child.
- Parent left solo or alone with the responsibility of parenthood due to the following circumstances:
a. Due to death of spouse.
b. Spouse is detained or is serving sentence for a criminal conviction for at least one (1) year.
c. Physical and/or mental incapacity of spouse as certified by a public medical practitioner.
d. Legal separation or de facto separation from spouse for at least one (1) year, as long as he/she is entrusted with the custody of the children.
e. Declaration of nullity or annulment of marriage as decreed by a court or by a church as long as he/she is entrusted with the custody of the children.
- Unmarried mother/father who has preferred to keep and rear her/his child/children instead of having others care for them or give them up to a welfare institution.
- Any other person who solely provides parental care and support to a child or children.
- Any family member who assumes the responsibility of head of family as a result of the death, abandonment, disappearance or prolonged absence of the parents or solo parent.
CRITERIA FOR SUPPORT
Any solo parent whose income falls below the poverty threshold as set by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) and subject to the assessment of the DSWD worker in the area shall be eligible for assistance. A solo parent can directly inquire from the following agencies to avail of their services:
- Health Services (DOH)
- Educational Services (CHED, TESDA)
- Housing (NHA)
- Parental Leave (Employer, DOLE, CSC) Note: A solo parent whose income is above the poverty threshold shall enjoy only such limited benefits as flexible work schedule, parental leave and others to be determined by the DSWD.
1. The applicants for the solo parent ID must bring the following documents to the City/Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office:
- Barangay certification certifying Solo Parent’s residency in the barangay for the last six months
- Certificates e.g., birth certificates of children, death certificate of spouse and other appropriate documentary support
- Income tax return or any document that will establish the income level of the solo parent
2. The social worker receives and ensures that all documents are complete and registers the applications with an appropriate case number in the log-book Registry of Solo Parents.
Note: The ID will be issued after 30 days from filing. The validity of the ID is one year and is renewable
Reprinted from http://www.gov.ph/services/solo-parent/
Solo Parent and Parental Leave
Download full document here: FAQs- Solo Parent And...
Domestic or Local Adoption
Requirements and Procedures
Adoption is defined as a socio-legal process of providing a permanent family to a child whose parents have voluntarily or involuntarily relinquished parental authority over the child.
Adoption is for children who cannot be reared by their biological parents and who need and can benefit from new and permanent family ties. Adoption provides the same mutual rights and obligations that exist between children and their biological parents. It comprises of social work and other professional services that are required in the placement of children in adoptive families.
Children whose parents are either absent or unable to function as parents require the protection of the State. Protection of the child requires sufficient study to make certain that the placement is suitable and present no hazard to the child’s growth and development. The State through the Department of Social Welfare and Development has a concern in every adoption including those by stepparents and relatives.
There are three types of adoption in the Philippines:
- Agency adoptions are those in which a licensed adoption agency finds and develops adoptive families for children who are voluntarily or involuntarily committed. The adoptive families go through the process from application to finalization of the child’s adoption under the auspices of the Department of Social Welfare and Development or a licensed child-placing agency like the Kaisahang Buhay Foundation. Through this type of adoption, the legal rights of the child, the parents who gave birth to the child and the parents who will adopt the child, are all equally protected.
- Family or relative adoptions are those where the biological parents make a direct placement of the child to a relative or a member of their extended family with whom they relinquish their child.
- Private or independent adoptions could either be a direct placement to a family known by the child’s biological parents or through the use of an intermediary or a go-between. In an intermediary placement, an individual knows of parents who want to have their child adopted and arranges such placement to a family or someone who wants to adopt. These intermediaries are generally well-meaning and have good intentions. However, one must be wary of “black market” placements which involve an intermediary who brings together a person who has a child and individuals who want to adopt, for the sole purpose of making a profit. This practice does not consider the best interests of the child nor the legal rights of biological parents and adoptive parents.
The following are components of adoption:
- Recruitment of potential adoptive families who may provide a home to a child;
- Development of adoptive applicants as parents to a particular child in need of a home;
- Selection of a family who can best contribute to the total development of a particular child;
- Preparation of the child and family prior to placement to insure acceptance and readiness for the new relationship;
- Supervision of trial custody for at least six months to facilitate the child’s adjustment in the family prior to the completion of adoption;
- Preparation for removal of the child from the adoptive home if the placement disrupts while alternative plans are being worked out;
- Finalization of adoption and termination of service with issuance of the final decree of adoption and amended birth certificate;
- Organization of groups of adoptive parents as part of support system; and
- Post-legal adoption counselling when adoptive family and adoptee need further counselling related to information about adoptee’s background and search for his/her biological parents.
EFFECTS OF ADOPTION
- Sever all legal ties between the biological parent(s) and the adoptee, except when the biological parent is the spouse of the adopter;
- Deem the adoptee as a legitimate child of the adopter;
- Give adopter and adoptee reciprocal rights and obligations arising from the relationship of parent and child, including but not limited to;
- The right of the adopter to choose the name the child is to be known; and
- The right of the adopter and adoptee to be legal and compulsory heirs of each other.
- PRE-ADOPTION SERVICES
- QUALIFICATIONS OF ADOPTIVE PARENTS
- REQUIREMENTS/SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS