Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Travel Clearance for Minors Travelling Abroad
What is a Travel Clearance
A travel clearance is a document issued by the DSWD to a Filipino child (below 18 years of age) traveling abroad alone or with someone other than his/her parents.
WHO NEEDS A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
- A minor travelling alone to a foreign country;
- A minor traveling to a foreign country accompanied by a person other than his or her parents; and
- An illegitimate child travelling to a foreign country accompanied by a person other than the mother.
WHO DOES NOT NEED TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
- A minor traveling to a foreign country with either parent or with his or her solo parent or legal guardian;
- A minor traveling abroad whose parents are in the Foreign Service or living abroad or are immigrants, provided he/she is holding a valid pass such as a dependents visa/pass/identification card or permanent resident visa/pass/identification card which serves as proof that he/she is living with parents abroad and their travel does not constitute child trafficking.
- A minor with permanent residency card;
- A minor who is not a Filipino citizen and holds a foreign passport;
- An illegitimate child travelling abroad with his/her mother.
IS A MARRIED MINOR REQUIRED TO SECURE A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
- A minor, regardless of civil status, who is traveling abroad alone or with person/s other than his/her parent is required to secure a travel clearance.
WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS IN SECURING A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
A. 1 For a minor traveling alone to a foreign country for the first time
- Duly accomplished application form
- Birth Certificate on security paper (SECPA) from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)
- Assessment Report from the Local Social Welfare and Development Office (LSWDO) or Social Welfare Officer II of the Social Welfare and Development (SWAD) Team when necessary
- Notarized (notarized at the place of residence) affidavit of consent of both parents or the solo parent or the legal guardian, indicating the authorized travelling companion of the minor and his/her relationship to the minor, country of destination, length of stay, purpose of travel, and tentative dates of departure and arrival
- As appropriate, a PSA-issued marriage certificate of the minor’s parents or a photocopy of the certificate of legal guardianship of the minor or in the case of solo parents, a PSA-issued Certificate of No Marriage (CENOMAR) and a photocopy of the solo parent identification card from the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office or a photocopy of a certification from the LSWDO of being a solo parent or Tallaq or Faskh certification from the Shariah court or any Muslim Barangay or religious leader or in the case of an illegitimate minor, a certificate of no marriage (CENOMAR)* from the National Statistics Office (NSO) or in the case of a deceased parent, a photocopy of the death certificate.
- Notarized (notarized at the place of residence) affidavit or written consent of both parents, the solo parent, and the legal guardian, whichever is applicable, permitting the minor to travel to a foreign country. In the absence of both parents or an appointed legal guardian, the relative’s consent in the order of preference provided under Article 216 of the Family Code of the Philippines (Executive Order No. 209 as amended) shall prevail and in which case, an Assessment Report by the Social Worker of the LSWDO should also be submitted with a copy of the parent/s/legal guardian’s valid identification card with specimen signature, and visa of parents if working abroad (for legitimate children, both grandparents who have custody of the minor. For illegitimate or non-marital child, consent of maternal grandparents).
- For abandoned minor with alleged missing parent, if parents are married, the following are required:
- Social Case Study Report executed by a licensed social worker of the local government unit;
- Blotter report from either the local police or barangay certification from the locality or the last known address of the alleged missing, and
- One (1) returned registered mail to the last known address of the alleged missing parent(s) or known relative(s).
*Issuance of CENOMAR will take 1-5 days for cases of uncommon
surnames and 1-15 days for common surnames.
* Issuing office of CENOMAR is the National Statistics Office not the Local Civil Registrar.
6. Two colored passport size photos of the minor taken within the last six (6) months
7. Affidavit of Support and certified copy of any evidence to show financial capability of sponsor (parents/legal guardian or other person/agency shouldering the expenses) such as:
h.1 Certificate of Employment
h.2 Latest Income Tax Return
h.3 Bank Statement, etc.
8. In case either or both parents of the minor are deceased, certified true copy of the Death Certificate/s of each of the parents on
9. Unaccompanied Minor Certificate from the Airlines
10. Waiver from the parents releasing DSWD from any liability/responsibility in case of untoward incident during travel of the child.
A.2 For a succeeding travel of unaccompanied or travelling alone minor to a foreign country
1. Duly accomplished application form
2. Notarized affidavit or written consent of both parents, the solo parent, and the legal guardian, whichever is applicable, with a
copy of the valid identification card with specimen signature
3. Original copy of previous Travel Clearance issued
4. Two (2) original colored passport size photos (white, red or blue background) of the minor taken within the last six (6) months
from the time of application. No scanned pictures will be accepted.
5. Unaccompanied Minor Certificate from the Airlines
6. Waiver from the parents releasing DSWD from any liability/responsibility in case of untoward incident during the travel of the child.
B. For a minor traveling for the first time with a person other than the parents or legal guardian
- Duly accomplished application form
- A photocopy of the birth certificate of minor (SECPA)
- Notarized Affidavit or written Consent of both parents or the solo parent or the legal guardian, attached with valid identification card with specimen signature, permitting the minor to travel to a foreign country with a specific person other than them, indicating the authorized travelling companion of the minor and his/her relationship to the minor, country of destination, length of stay, purpose of travel, and tentative dates of departure and arrival
- As appropriate, a photocopy of the marriage certificate (SECPA) of the minor’s parents or a certificate of legal guardianship of the minor or in the case of solo parents, a solo parent identification card from the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office or a certification from the Local Social Welfare and Development Office of being a solo parent (assessment report of the LSWDO as attachment), or a court decree of separation, annulment or divorce, or Tallaq or Fasakh certification from the Shariah court or any muslim barangay or religious leader or in the case of an illegitimate minor, a CENOMAR from the Philippine Statistics Office (formerly National Statistics Office or NSO) in the case of a deceased parent, a photocopy of the death certificate
* Issuance of CENOMAR will take 1-5 days for cases of uncommon surnames and 1-15 days for common surnames
*Issuing office of CENOMAR is the National Statistics Office not the Local Civil
5. Two colored passport size photos of the minor taken within the last 6 months.
6. Photocopy of the passport of the traveling companion
“The social worker may require additional documentary requirements during the assessment of the Travel Clearance application to make sure that no child shall be trafficked and that the child’s best interest and welfare is ensured”
C. In case of illegitimate children who is traveling abroad accompanied by their biological father, they are still required to secure a travel clearance certificate as parental authority is vested only to the mother of the child, per Article 176 of the Family Code of the Philippines.
IS THERE A VALIDITY PERIOD FOR A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
A DSWD travel clearance is valid for a period of one (1) year from the date of issuance and shall be valid for multiple travels within the validity period, provided the conditions under which the travel clearance was issued have not changed. If a change in condition occurs like a change in traveling companion, a new travel clearance must be obtained.
HOW MUCH IS THE PROCESSING FEE FOR A TRAVEL CLEARANCE ISSUED TO A MINOR?
The DSWD shall collect a processing fee for each travel clearance issued to minors traveling abroad under the following options:
- Php 300.00 with validity of one (1) year.
- Php 600.00 with validity of two (2) years.
WHERE CAN ONE FILE THE APPLICATION?
The application for travel clearance, together with the supporting documents required shall be submitted/filed at the DSWD Regional Office that has jurisdiction over the minor’s residence.
Application forms maybe obtained from any DSWD-Regional Office or maybe downloaded from the website www.dswd.gov.ph. [click here to download application form in MS Word Format]
- On the appointed date, go to the DSWD Regional Office that has jurisdiction over the minor’s residence which processed your application, to submit the original copy of your supporting documents and pay PhP300.00 per travel clearance certificate. The travel clearance certificate will be obtained thereafter.
Other Frequently Asked Questions…
WHO ARE EXEMPTED FROM SECURING A TRAVEL CLEARANCE?
- A minor with permanent residency card
- A minor who holds a valid pass such as dependents visa/pass/identification or permanent resident visa/pass/identification card is no longer required to secure travel clearance from DSWD. A permanent residency card is a valid pass and a holder of such is exempted from securing a travel clearance.
- A minor born abroad but has no permanent residency card
- A minor who is not a Filipino citizen and holds a foreign passport is not required to secure a travel clearance.
WHO WOULD GIVE THE CONSENT FOR THE TRAVEL OF A TOTALLY ORPHANED MINOR WHO HAS NO APPOINTED LEGAL GUARDIAN?
Paternal/maternal grandparents who exercise parental authority over a minor whose parents are both deceased may issue the consent even without guardianship order from the Court. But in cases where both the paternal/maternal grandparents are deceased, relatives/acting guardians of the minor should work for their legal guardianship over the minor.
WHAT ABOUT THOSE CHILDREN WHOSE PARENTS HAVE MARITAL CONFLICT AND ARE ON HOLD ORDER?
A minor who is the subject of ongoing custody battle between parents will not be issued a travel clearance unless a Court Order is issued to allow the child to travel abroad with either one of his/her parents or authorized guardian. The family shall be responsible to notify the Bureau of Immigration to include the name of the child/ren in the watchlist of minors travelling abroad. It is therefore the Bureau of Immigration’s responsibility to ensure that no child under the watchlist order leaves the country.
CAN A TRAVEL CLEARANCE BE ISSUED TO ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN WHO ARE STILL APPLYING FOR THEIR VISA IN THE EMBASSY?
Illegitimate children are under the custody of the mother. If they will be traveling with the mother, they are not required to secure a travel clearance from the DSWD. If they are traveling with person other than the mother, they must secure a travel clearance.
IS A FAXED COPY OF THE PARENTAL CONSENT OF PARENTS RESIDING ABROAD ACCEPTABLE?
Faxed written consent is only applicable to parents whose place of work is not land-based e.g. seafarers, etc.
WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS FOR ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN ABANDONED BY THE MOTHER AND UNDER THE CUSTODY OF THE FATHER OR OTHER RELATIVES WHO WILL BE TRAVELING ALONE OR WITH THE FATHER OR OTHER RELATIVES?
Since the mother has the absolute parental authority over her illegitimate children the father would need to secure a Court Order vesting in him the parental authority over the illegitimate children. If a parental authority has been granted to the father, and the minor will be traveling with the father, he is not required to secure a travel clearance. If the minor will travel alone or with someone other than the father, he/she is required to secure a travel clearance.
Fore more inquiries, kindly contact the nearest Field Office near you (see the Directory of the Field Offices below):
DSWD-National Capital Region
389 San Rafael Street, corner Legarda St.,
Tel/Fax: (02)313-1435 loc 210,733-0010 to 14/488-3104
DSWD Field Office I
Quezon Avenue, San Fernando, La Union
Tel/Fax: (072) 888-2505/888-2184
DSWD-Field Office II
3 Dana Pagyaya, Regional Government Center
Carig Sur, Tuguegarao City, Cagayan
DSWD-Field Office III
Government Center, Maimpis,
San Fernando, Pampanga
Tel/Fax: (045)861-2413 (telefax)
DSWD Field Office IV-A (CALABARZON)
Alabang-Zapote Road, Muntinlupa City
Tel/Fax: (02) 387-2632 or 850-8380/807-1518
DSWD Field Office IV-B (MIMAROPA)
1680 F.T. Benitez corner Gen. Malvar Sts., Malate, Manila
Tel/Fax: (02) 336-8106 local 401/336-8106 local 103
DSWD Field Office V
Magnolia St. PBN Buraguis, Legaspi City
Tel/Fax: (052) 821-7920 or 480-5346/480-5754
DSWD Field Office VI
M.H. del Pilar Street, Molo, Iloilo City
Tel: (033) 300-0526/ 337-6221
DSWD Field Office VII
MJ Cuenco Avenue corner Gen. Maxilom Ave., Cebu City
Tel/Fax: (032) 233-8779 or through trunkline no. 412-9908
DSWD Field Office VIII
Magsaysay Blvd., Tacloban City
Tel/Fax: (053) 321-3090 or 321-1176/ 321-1007
DSWD Field Office IX
General Vicente Alvarez St., Zamboanga City
Tel/Fax: (062) 991-6030, 991-6056 (trunkline)/993-0652
DSWD Field Office X
Masterson Ave., Upper Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City
Tel/Fax: (088) 858-88-92/858-89-59
DSWD Field Office XI
Suazo St., cor. Magsaysay Ave., Davao City
Tel/Fax: (082) 226-28-57/227-8746
DSWD Field Office XII
9506-Purok Bumanoag, Brgy. Zone 3, Koronadal City
Tel/Fax: (083) 520-0572 or 228-3180/228-8637
DSWD Field Office CARAGA
R. Palma St. Butuan City
Tel/Fax: (085) 346-0113/815-9173
DSWD Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
40 North Drive, Baguio City
Tel/Fax: (074) 444-3209 or 444-3262/442-7917
For further details, please visit: https://www.dswd.gov.ph/issuances/AOs/AO_2017-012.pdf
Residential and Non-Residential Facilities for Persons with Disability (PWD)
Question 1: Magkano ang discount sa Public Transportation para sa mga “Persons With Disabilities”?
Reply: Ayon sa Section 32. Chapter 8. Other Privileges and Incentives, Republic Act No. 9442, An Act Amending Republic Act No. 7277, Otherwise known as the “Magna Carta for Persons With Disabilities” binabangit na:
Letter g: “At least 20% discount in public railways, skyways and bus fare for the exclusive use or enjoyment of Persons With Disabilities.” Kung regular fare (5 kilometers) sa jeep ay P 8.00 X 20% = P 6.40 ang nararapat na pasahe sa jeep.
Question 2: Saan pa may ibang “privileges” para sa mga Persons With Disabilities?
Reply: Other Privileges and Incentives of Persons With Disabilities
- 20% discount for all services in hotels and similar lodging establishments, restaurants & recreation centers.
- A minimum of 20% discount on admission fees on theaters, cinema houses, concert hall, circuses carnivals and other similar places of culture, leisure and amusement.
- At least 20% discount for all purchase of medicines in all drugstores.
- At least 20% discount on medical & dental services including (diagnostic and laboratory fees & professional fees of attending doctors in all private hospitals & medical facilities).
- At least 20% discount on fare for domestic air and sea travel.
- Educational assistance to pursue primary, secondary, tertiary, post tertiary, vocational or technical education in public & private schools thru scholarship grants, financial aids, subsidies and other incentives such as books, learning materials & uniform allowance(DEPED).
- Continuation of benefits of GSIS, SSS & PAG-IBIG (previously employed ) as the case may be necessary.
- Special discounts (5%) in special programs for Persons With Disabilities on purchase of basic commodities (with guidelines from DTI & DA).
- Provision of express lanes for Persons With Disabilities in all commercial and government establishments.
Modified Conditional Cash Transfer (MCCT)
A solo parent, as defined by RA 8972 is:
- A woman who gives birth as a result of rape and other crimes against chastity even without a final conviction of the offender, provided that mother keeps and raises the child.
- Parent left solo or alone with the responsibility of parenthood due to the following circumstances:
a. Due to death of spouse.
b. Spouse is detained or is serving sentence for a criminal conviction for at least one (1) year.
c. Physical and/or mental incapacity of spouse as certified by a public medical practitioner.
d. Legal separation or de facto separation from spouse for at least one (1) year, as long as he/she is entrusted with the custody of the children.
e. Declaration of nullity or annulment of marriage as decreed by a court or by a church as long as he/she is entrusted with the custody of the children.
- Unmarried mother/father who has preferred to keep and rear her/his child/children instead of having others care for them or give them up to a welfare institution.
- Any other person who solely provides parental care and support to a child or children.
- Any family member who assumes the responsibility of head of family as a result of the death, abandonment, disappearance or prolonged absence of the parents or solo parent.
CRITERIA FOR SUPPORT
Any solo parent whose income falls below the poverty threshold as set by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) and subject to the assessment of the DSWD worker in the area shall be eligible for assistance. A solo parent can directly inquire from the following agencies to avail of their services:
- Health Services (DOH)
- Educational Services (CHED, TESDA)
- Housing (NHA)
- Parental Leave (Employer, DOLE, CSC) Note: A solo parent whose income is above the poverty threshold shall enjoy only such limited benefits as flexible work schedule, parental leave and others to be determined by the DSWD.
1. The applicants for the solo parent ID must bring the following documents to the City/Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office:
- Barangay certification certifying Solo Parent’s residency in the barangay for the last six months
- Certificates e.g., birth certificates of children, death certificate of spouse and other appropriate documentary support
- Income tax return or any document that will establish the income level of the solo parent
2. The social worker receives and ensures that all documents are complete and registers the applications with an appropriate case number in the log-book Registry of Solo Parents.
Note: The ID will be issued after 30 days from filing. The validity of the ID is one year and is renewable
Reprinted from http://www.gov.ph/services/solo-parent/
Solo Parent and Parental Leave
Download full document here: FAQs- Solo Parent And...
Domestic or Local Adoption
Coverage and Eligibility
A Filipino citizen or alien residing in the Philippines who has the qualification and none of the disqualifications under the Act may be eligible to adopt if he/she:
1. is of legal age.
2. is at least sixteen (16) years older than the adoptee; Provided, however that the minimum age gap between the adopter and the adoptee may not be required if the adopter
is the biological parent or sibling of the adoptee or the spouse of the adoptee`s parent; has the capacity to act and assume all the rights and duties incident to the exercise of parental authority;
4. is of good moral character and has not been convicted of any crime involving moral turpitude;
5. is in a position to support, educate and care for his/her legitimate and illegitimate children and the child to be adopted in keeping with the means of the family;
6. has undergone pre-adoption services
In addition to these qualifications, an alien may adopt if he/she:
7. is a citizen of a state which has diplomatic relations with the Philippines;
8. has been certified by his/her diplomatic or consular office or any appropriate agency that:
8.1. he/she is qualified to adopt in his/her country; and
8.2. his/her government will allow the adoptee to enter the adopter`s country and reside there permanently as an adopted child;
9. has submitted the necessary clearances and such other certifications as may be required by the Department.
Type of Adoption:
a) Regular or Agency Adoption – a type of adoption bringing together the prospective adoptive parent/s and a child declared as legally available for adoption through a judicious pairing or matching process.
b) Relative adoption is a type of adoption where the biological parent/s make a direct placement of the child to a relative or a family member within the 4th degree of consanguinity.
Applications for direct placement of children are also being received by the Department.
Direct Placement is when the biological parent/s make a direct placement of the child either to a relative beyond the 4th degree of consanguinity or to a non-relative. The law requires the legalization of adoption of children who were placed directly to an individual or a family considering the best interest of the child.
1. Authenticated birth certificate
2. Marriage Contract or Divorce, Annulment, Declaration of Nullity, or Legal Separation documents;
3. Written consent to the adoption by the legitimate and adopted sons/daughters, and illegitimate sons/daughters if living with the applicant, who are at least ten (10) years old;
4. Physical and medical evaluation by a duly licensed physician and when appropriate, psychological evaluation;
5. NBI/Police Clearance
6. Latest income tax return or any other documents showing financial capability, e.g. Certificate of Employment, Bank Certificate or Statement of Assets and Liabilities;
7. Three (3) character references, namely from the local church/minister, the employer, and a non-relative member of the immediate community who have known the applicant(s) for at least three (3) years;
8. 3×5 sized pictures of the applicant(s) and his/her immediate family taken within the last three (3) months;
9. Certificate of attendance to pre-adoption fora or seminars.
In addition, foreign nationals shall submit the following:
10. Certification that the applicant(s) have legal capacity to adopt in his/her country and that his/her country has a policy, or is a signatory of an international agreement, which allows a child adopted in the Philippines by its national to enter his/her country and permanently reside therein as his/her legitimate child which may be issued by his/her country’s diplomatic or consular office or central authority n intercountry adoption or any government agency which has jurisdiction over child and family matters; or in the absence of any of the foregoing, the Philippine Intercountry Adoption Board may also certify that the Philippines and the applicants’ country have an existing agreement or arrangement on intercountry adoption whereby a child who has been adopted in the Philippines or has a pre-adoption placement approved by the Board is allowed to enter and remain as permanent resident in the applicant’s country as his/her legitimate child.
11. Certificate of Residence in the Philippines issued by the Bureau of Immigration or Department of Foreign Affairs, as appropriate;
12. Two (2) character references from a non-relatives who knew the applicant(s) in the country of which he/she is a citizen or was a resident prior to residing in the Philippines, except for those who have resided in the Philippines for more than fifteen (15) years;
13. Police Clearance from all places of residence in the past two years immediately prior to residing in the Philippines.
Q: What is Republic Act 8552?
A: Republic Act 8552- this act shall be known as the Domestic Adoption Act of 1998.
Q: What is Republic Act 9523?
A: Republic Act 9523 – An act requiring the Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a pre-requisite for adoption proceedings, amending for this purpose certain provision of Republic Act 8552, otherwise known as the Domestic Adoption Act of 1998, Republic Act No. 8043, otherwise known as the Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995, Presidential Decree No. 603, otherwise known as the Child and Youth Welfare Code, and for other purposes.
Q: What is Republic Act 10165?
A: Republic Act 10165 – An act to strengthen and propagate foster care for abused, abandoned, neglected and other children with special needs, providing appropriations therefor and for other purpose.
Q: What is adoption?
A: Adoption is defined as a socio-legal process of providing a permanent family to a child whose parents have voluntarily or involuntarily relinquished parental authority over the child.
Q: What is Foster Care?
A: Foster Care – refers to the provision of planned temporary substitute parental care to a child by a foster parent.
Q: What is Legal Guardianship
A: Legal Guardianship – shall refer to a person appointed by the court to represent and protect the interest of a child in legal actions.
Q: What are the types of adoption in the Philippines:
- Agency adoption is when a licensed adoption agency finds and develops adoptive families for children who are voluntarily or involuntarily committed to the state. The adoptive families go through a process from application as prospective adoptive family facilitated by Department of Social Welfare and Development or a licensed child-placing agency like the Kaisahang Buhay Foundation to finalization of the child’s adoption in court.
- Family or relative adoption are those where the biological parents make a direct placement of the child to a relative or a member within the 4th degree of consanguinity.
- Independent or Direct Placement is when the biological parents make a direct placement of the child either to a relative or beyond the 4th degree of consanguinity.