Adoption is a socio-legal process of providing a permanent family to a child is legally available for adoption.
Two types of adoption in the Philippines:
- Agency adoption is when a licensed adoption agency finds and develops adoptive families for children who are voluntarily or involuntarily committed to the state. The adoptive families go through a process from application as prospective adoptive family facilitated by Department of Social Welfare and Development or a licensed child-placing agency like the Kaisahang Buhay Foundation (KBF) and NORFIL Foundation to matching a child by the Child Welfare Specialist Group (CWSG) and finalization of the child’s adoption in court.
- Family or relative adoption is when the biological parents make direct placement of the child to a relative within the 4th degree of consanguinity.
The following are components of adoption:
- Recruitment of potential adoptive families who may provide a home to a child;
- Development of adoptive applicants as parents to a particular child in need of a home;
- Selection of a family who can best contribute to the total development of a particular child;
- Preparation of the child and family prior to placement to insure acceptance and readiness for the new relationship;
- Supervision of trial custody for at least six months to facilitate the child’s adjustment in the family prior to the completion of adoption;
- Preparation for removal of the child from the adoptive home if the placement disrupts while alternative plans are being worked out;
- Finalization of adoption and termination of service with issuance of the final decree of adoption and amended birth certificate;
- Organization of groups of adoptive parents as part of support system; and
- Post-legal adoption counselling when adoptive family and adoptee need further counselling related to information about adoptee’s background and search for his/her biological parents.
EFFECTS OF ADOPTION
- Sever all legal ties between the biological parent(s) and the adoptee, except when the biological parent is the spouse of the adopter;
- Deem the adoptee as a legitimate child of the adopter;
- Give adopter and adoptee reciprocal rights and obligations arising from the relationship of parent and child, including but not limited to;
- The right of the adopter to choose the name the child is to be known; and
- The right of the adopter and adoptee to be legal and compulsory heirs of each other.
- PRE-ADOPTION SERVICES
- QUALIFICATIONS OF ADOPTIVE PARENTS
- REQUIREMENTS/SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS