Adoption is a socio-legal process of providing a permanent family to a child is legally available for adoption.

Two types of adoption in the Philippines:

  1. Agency adoption is when a licensed adoption agency finds and develops adoptive families for children who are voluntarily or involuntarily committed to the state. The adoptive families go through a process from application as prospective adoptive family facilitated by Department of Social Welfare and Development or a licensed child-placing agency like the Kaisahang Buhay Foundation (KBF) and NORFIL Foundation to matching a child by the Child Welfare Specialist Group (CWSG) and finalization of the child’s adoption in court.
  2. Family or relative adoption is when the biological parents make direct placement of the child to a relative within the 4th degree of consanguinity.

The following are components of adoption:

  • Recruitment of potential adoptive families who may provide a home to a child;
  • Development of adoptive applicants as parents to a particular child in need of a home;
  • Selection of a family who can best contribute to the total development of a particular child;
  • Preparation of the child and family prior to placement to insure acceptance and readiness for the new relationship;
  • Supervision of trial custody for at least six months to facilitate the child’s adjustment in the family prior to the completion of adoption;
  • Preparation for removal of the child from the adoptive home if the placement disrupts while alternative plans are being worked out;
  • Finalization of adoption and termination of service with issuance of the final decree of adoption and amended birth certificate;
  • Organization of groups of adoptive parents as part of support system; and
  • Post-legal adoption counselling when adoptive family and adoptee need further counselling related to information about adoptee’s background and search for his/her biological parents.


  • Sever all legal ties between the biological parent(s) and the adoptee, except when the biological parent is the spouse of the adopter;
  • Deem the adoptee as a legitimate child of the adopter;
  • Give adopter and adoptee reciprocal rights and obligations arising from the relationship of parent and child, including but not limited to;
  • The right of the adopter to choose the name the child is to be known; and
  • The right of the adopter and adoptee to be legal and compulsory heirs of each other.